Making a Skit

Purpose

This page teaches how to make a skit.

Structure

Sequences - Every scene needs to be established. This can either be done using a wide shot, or just adding enough cues to tell the audience where the person is. For example, the sound of clanking dishes as you see the main character lift a cup to his/her mouth with a large window in the background tells you that they are in a diner.

Once the scene is established, mix up the shots from medium to extreme close-ups. However, you should be careful with changing angles while changing shots. For example, during a conversation, the camera doesn't switch from looking over a person's left shoulder to looking over the same person's right shoulder. As another example, if someone is walking across a room, the camera doesn't move from one wall to the opposite, because it would seem the person instantaneously changed direction.

Also, the length of each shot drastically changes the mood of the scene. During an action sequence, shots usually last for two seconds each or less, while they can be much longer (5-10 seconds) for a more serious or romantic scene. However, even in a romantic scene, if every shot lasted ten seconds, it would become very annoying, very fast, so use longer shots sparingly.

Planning

Storyboarding - This is a quick sketch or description of the skit. It can be as detailed as you'd like. You can simply describe what will happen in each scene, or you can sketch every shot of every scene with lines from the script under tha sketch, along with the exact length of each shot. While this can seem bothersome, every hour you spend planning will save at least two hours in shooting and editing. For skits, at least a basic storyboard has to be done just to make sure the general flow of the story is laid out and understood.

If you storyboarded in great detail, writing the exact length of each shot, make sure that each shot you film is a few seconds longer before and after what you planned. This gives a little leeway in case something goes wrong.

Editing

Movement - If someone is moving across a shot, it is often best to let them walk into and out of the shot, rather than cut to a shot with the person already half of the way across the screen.

Music - Music is perhaps the easiest way to set the tone of a movie. You can add music by clicking on the notes button on the right side of the screen within iMovie.

If you want the music playing in the background while someone is talking, but at full volume during some other clips, you can select the clip that you want to have heard, click on the speaker button, and click the box for ducking. It will lower the audio levels of all other clips that are playing during that one to whatever percentage you want and fade them in and out automatically.